# Precalculus: An Investigation of Functions

Over the years, when reviewing books we found that many had been mainstreamed by the publishers in an effort to appeal to everyone, leaving them with very little character. There were only a handful of books that had the conceptual and application driven focus we liked, and most of those were lacking in other aspects we cared about, like providing students sufficient examples and practice of basic skills. The largest frustration, however, was the never ending escalation of cost and being forced into new editions every three years. We began researching open textbooks, however the ability for those books to be adapted, remixed, or printed were often limited by the types of licenses, or didn’t approach the material the way we wanted.

In writing this book, our focus was on the story of functions. We begin with function notation, a basic toolkit of functions, and the basic operation with functions: composition and transformation. Building from these basic functions, as each new family of functions is introduced we explore the important features of the function: its graph, domain and range, intercepts, and asymptotes. The exploration then moves to evaluating and solving equations involving the function, finding inverses, and culminates with modeling using the function.

The “rule of four” is integrated throughout – looking at the functions verbally, graphically, numerically, as well as algebraically. We feel that using the “rule of four” gives students the tools they need to approach new problems from various angles. Often the “story problems of life” do not always come packaged in a neat equation. Being able to think critically, see the parts and build a table or graph a trend, helps us change the words into meaningful and measurable functions that model the world around us.