Vector Calculus

This book covers calculus in two and three variables. It is suitable for a one-semester course, normally known as “Vector Calculus”, “Multivariable Calculus”, or simply “Calculus III”. The prerequisites are the standard courses in single-variable calculus (a.k.a. Calculus I and II).

I have tried to be somewhat rigorous about proving results. But while it is important for students to see full-blown proofs – since that is how mathematics works – too much rigor and emphasis on proofs can impede the flow of learning for the vast majority of the audience at this level. If I were to rate the level of rigor in the book on a scale of 1 to 10, with 1 being completely informal and 10 being completely rigorous, I would rate it as a 5.

There are 420 exercises throughout the text, which in my experience are more than enough for a semester course in this subject. There are exercises at the end of each section, divided into three categories: A, B and C. The A exercises are mostly of a routine computational nature, the B exercises are slightly more involved, and the C exercises usually require some effort or insight to solve. A crude way of describing A, B and C would be “Easy”, “Moderate” and “Challenging”, respectively. However, many of the B exercises are easy and not all the C exercises are difficult.